Principles of Speech Communication

Speech making is perhaps one of the innate abilities of man, irrespective of one’s citizenry, or ethnic affiliations. Yet many people speak without understanding that it is a special ability without which communication between people and groups would not be possible.

Speech communication differs from normal day to day talking in which one speaks sporadically without considering ethics and skills. However, it is similar to every day communication in that they are both driven by the aim to communicate meaningfully.

Speech making is an organized communication aimed at sharing specific message about a given subject to create impact towards solving human problems.

This article provides guidance in the following areas:
Types of speech
Sages/steps in the speech making process and
Structure of a speech

Types of Speech
The onus remains squarely, on every speech maker to identify the type of speech most suitable to his/her purpose. For emphasis, it should be known that the aim of your delivery should be the sole factor dictating the style/type of speech you should choose to use.

Generally, there are, for conveniences, sake, four basic speech types, viz:
• Argumentative speech
• Persuasive speech
• Educative speech and
• Informative speech.

Argumentative Speech Type
Arguments imply elaborate presentation of all perspectives to an object or a subject of discussion, before settling down for the most applicable option. What comes out of an argument as most acceptable may not necessarily be truer, or better than other options, but the process of arguing makes it best, when compared to the others. This is why one choosing this type must bear in mind that it is his/her approach to it, and the ability to convince that determines the success or failure of the entire process.

While this may be closely related to persuasive essay, the dissimilarity lies in using points to convince at all cost.

To argue therefore, the speech maker needs to clearly and exhaustively raise every point of the issue and state facts about it. And this statement of facts is the “why” of the validity or not of your argument.

Persuasive Speech Type
As the name indicates, this type of speech is meant to stimulate a favourable disposition towards the subject of your concern or to appeal to audience to see it your way and act as you desire.

Companies, individuals and Non-Governmental Organisations (NGOs) that depend on project grants are often required to their proposals in brief, before forums of grant agencies. In doing this, they are expected to give brief, straight-to-point run down of what they propose to do to achieve goal, if given grant. This summary must necessarily include a statement of methodology and justification why it has to be your proposal, and not that of another. You must convince that using so and so method, you will be able to achieve set goals within the specified time, without waste of resources and this, you must do without doubt.

A high point worthy of emphasis is that to persuade, a speech maker must JUSTIFY why you are convinced that your method is most suitable to deliver best result. Your entire exercise will be meaningless if it fails to provide justification.

Also, students defending their research projects/thesis/dissertations ought to bear this in mind, as they will at one time or another, need to persuade their tutors I favour of their work.

Educative Speech Type
Although teaching in a class room situation requires more than speech making skills, it would do you well as a professional teacher, haven undergone training in the profession, to add these to your skills. As one who teaches in a school or a religious organization, one makes speeches often, both officially and otherwise.

Advertising agencies as well make use of this type of speech as product display demonstration to teach prospective consumers of a new product a step – by – step approach to using it.

An educative speech provides a comprehensible how-to-do-it guide to given subjects and must be done carefully to avoid confusing consumers/students/audience/congregation.

Informative Speech Type
The aim of this class of speech is to make known. This may come in presentable form in which the speech maker delivers it to audience or may be a press release. Whichever the case, both the writer and giver of speech must choose words carefully in order not to mislead, as the aim is to give accurate, unmistaken information as at press conference, organizational report forums, annual general meetings, state of the affair reviews etc.

Whether as government official, a politician or celebrity wishing to tell subordinated, colleagues or fans and the mass media something, this type of speech serves you best, as it equally serves the technology company wishing to inform its market of its newest innovation.

Security agencies and Public Relations Executives of all manner of corporate entities should be versed in this type of speech, as they will find it useful in the course of their careers.

Stages in the Speech Making Process
As already stated in the introduction, why you make speech is to communicate towards an end. Thus, your speech can only be seen as a success if the aim is achieved at the end of the day. To achieve an aim, professional speech communication follows a procedure, which is here written as the stages/steps in the speech communication process. They include:

• Research: If you are to speak, it means that there is someone you are to speak to, about something, something of importance to both of you, and at a given time and place. Your first responsibility is to FIND OUT what it is you are going to talk about. Whatever it is, you must study it to know far more than you will need to talk about and in this case, it is necessary to preempt the likely questions your audiences are to ask, and provide answers in the speech you make.

where and when necessary, consult with people such as experts, who have better technical understanding of the subject than you and to these, pose ALL your questions and let their answers be the knowledge with which you confront the exercise, as these answers should be the basis of the speech you present. In doing this, you should avoid stating the obvious. By this I mean elements that can easily be deciphered and understood should not be your primary aim to explain, rather you will do more good to seek out areas that are not likely to be understood at first glance by the lay man and on these, place your emphasis.

If for instance your speech is a political manifesto, it will be more profitable to describe in detail, what you intend to do to solve certain societal problems and your conduct in office, should you be elected, than to dwell on the might of your political party or on the electioneering process – whoever your audience are already know how to vote and how strong your party is but even if they don’t, there are people stationed to teach them those.

If on the other hand your concern is a product/service as a PRE/Advertiser, or an issue intangible as those handled by spiritual leaders and programme facilitators, seek out beforehand, opinions and opposing views about the product/service/issue. Be sure to find out details about the product/service/issue as to how it functions or implications of every standpoint in an issue. It is only this detailed understanding of subject that places you above your audience to be able to grant answers to their every question, including the ones they are not able to ask.

When you have satisfactorily understudied the subject of your presentation, you should as well endeavor to study the people to whom you will be speaking. This may require going the extra mile to study the various groups of people likely to be present at your presentation as well as their depth of understanding of the subject. Also, their depth of understanding of the language of communication is of importance, as this helps your diction for proper understanding.

You may as well, need to take a closer look at the place and time of your presentation. Though this may not be of same relevance as the first two, but is advisable because the place and time of an event contribute to a large extent, to the atmosphere of the event and in effective communication, the atmosphere is as important as the message itself as it colours the meaning of a message. This is why “good morning” at a time may be a greeting and at another time, a disturbance, as “yes” may mean yes at time but mean “no” at other times.

• Speech Writing: A well-researched speech may often end up poorly delivered if it is poorly documented, as many speech makers find the Read Only Strategy (ROS) more convenient than any other method. For a speech to be remarkable, its research, documentation and delivery must be sufficiently mastered.
Whether commissioned to write a speech for someone else to deliver or not, speech writing requires an interplay of excellent writing skills controlled by specific facts gained through research conducted at the initial stage with appropriate and accurate choice of words and illustrations, analogies etcetera.

Here are the basic formats of speech writing: the scripted speech, the semi-scripted speech, the outline speech and the unscripted format.

Scripted Speech: Earlier I mentioned ROS (Read Only Strategy) which is my description for a speech that is pre written and delivered verbatim unfortunately, this leaves no room for improvisation thus, where the speech writer is different from its presenter, the latter may have little or no idea about the technicalities of the subject of discussion, as he/she only read what is on paper. In this case, questions asked pose a great challenge to the presenter and may often be a source of embarrassment. A person delivering speech using ROS, without sufficient rehearsal may get pronunciations wrong and dodge questions at the end of the exercise as politicians do, because they are hardly involved in the creation of their speeches. However, this is the most used type of speech, practiced by political icons and celebrities because of its convenience.

The hugest merit of this is the convenience and the fact that individuals who are extremely shy or incompetent can hide away their weaknesses behind the paper already written for them. Also, the speech presenter may not need to have a deep knowledge of the subject, provided the writer of the speech does a good job. It is of advantage to persons who make many speeches within limited time and have little or no time to rehearse.

Notwithstanding, the problem with ROS is that it leaves the audience bored, as the speech maker is buried in the paper rather than keeping contact with the people to whom the presentation is being made.

The Semi – Scripted Speech Format: a speech is semi – scripted when only the principal lines of thought are written down, leaving the rest to be done on the spot of delivery. The preacher in a religious event may for example, write down a theme and scriptural texts while leaving the connected sentences to the process of delivery.

This method, a combination of ROS and improvisation proves beneficial when the speech writer is the same as the one to delivers. Otherwise, it becomes almost impracticable to deliver a semi – scripted speech prepared by somebody else. Where it is feasible, the writer and presenter must necessarily require massive effort at rehearsals which may not always be forth coming.

Out – Line Speech Format: Highly flexible and creative method that only notes in sequence, key points while leaving connected sentences to the delivery point. The advantage of this lies in the fact that where the atmosphere does not permit certain lines of thought or use of language, the speech maker changes direction. And because it is outlined rather than scripted, prevailing circumstances, at event venue, such as mood, time and language suitability are easily manageable. However, this method is most successful where the speech writer is the speech maker or where the latter has equal in-depth knowledge of subject and shares similar views with the former.

Unscripted Speech Format: This, otherwise referred here as improvisation or impromptu, is a speech format that requires no prior writing at all. Its success solely depends on the speech maker’s ability to improvise, that is, to create instantaneously, a spontaneous response to the situation. This, experience has shown, is the most effective speech style that does not fail to take audience along, as it is a child of circumstance.

Often you are asked to provide a repertoire or vote of thanks without warning. Using this format, you get your data from the prevailing circumstance and must immediately become a millionaire in thinking and in language if your audiences are of the millionaire class or you can be a road side mechanic if those are the people you are to communicate to.

The problem with this is that for beginners, improvisation could be challenging, as it requires tact and a lot of self-confidence.

• Rehearsals: After your documentation, the next stage is rehearsals. This simply means a trying out of yourself, a practice simulating the actual presentation you will be doing.
When doing this, critique your eye contact, facial expressions, gesticulations and general comportment. While practicing in front of your mirror may not be exactly similar to doing it in front of a thousand people, it gives you an idea of your look and performance and allows you to improve on those areas. You may like to present to your friend, spouse or kin to have their inputs.
• Speech Presentation: The essence of all the activities carried out from stage one is to achieve a remarkable presentation, such as would leave a desired impact by achieving the goal pursuant of which the speech was meant to be made. It therefore cannot be over-emphasized that this is the most vital aspect of the entire exercise, as it is the only thing people see and know about. Audiences do not follow you to your closet to see that you have researched your piece well but they will decide whether or not you have done well once you have delivered. For this reason, I like to say that it is better to conduct a poor research, do a poor documentation but superb presentation rather than having it the other way round.

To aid your performance in this regard, a couple of problems have been identified and solutions proffered here:

Overcoming Stage Fright: The incidence of stage fright is one menace too many that ruins otherwise, a remarkable speech. Your ability to manage this is as important as the other elements in the process involved, as your audience are not lenient, but are always looking for loopholes to capitalize on in unmaking your effort.

Ironically, everyone has some level of stage fright. The only difference being that some see the high tensed atmosphere and the rapid beating of their hearts as a positive force that complements their strength of delivery, while others fret at it.

What constitutes stage fright is fear; fear of the many eyes gazing at you, possibly “dissecting” and finding fault in whatever you are telling them, what you wear and the entirety of your being. Surprisingly, all this is more imagined than real, as audience hardly have any doubt until you give them a reason to. When you give the impression that you are in control, they accept that you are and thus, look up to you for answers.

Your appearance and perhaps gesticulations which you may have seen as errors become model to be emulated. This is why you must make your fear work for you.

There are several tricks to achieving this, two of which are suggested below:
Ice-Breaking – this refers to a ploy of ventilating tension rising from high expectation and an aura of formality. Audience expecting or rather, awaiting your presentation are kin and formal. This formality exerts more pressure on you, as you feel intense need and anxiety to deliver. In extreme cases, this raises doubts inn you as to whether you can satisfy them or not so you begin to stammer, jump words on the speech or add nonexistent words to the already prepared piece.

To break-the-ice, you can tell a short, relevant story or begin by doing an out of the way exercise like giving a joke or introducing yourself. This breaks the air of formality and helps both you and your audience relax enough to conveniently and enjoyably face the business of the day. By the time you have made your audience laugh or you have expended your pent-up tension telling a story, you will have made the atmosphere informal enough and gained the rapt attention of the audience.

Pen Cap Trick: Another way of managing stage fright is by directing the tension to your finger tips rather than to your head and mouth. This is possible by keeping your fingers actively engaged, as the natural course of function of the human system directs pressure/energy to a part of the body that is engaged in an activity. Therefore, if your attention lies only with your eyes and vocal cord, they will have to find a way of expending all the energy directed at them and in the process, mistakes could be made.

Splitting this pressure from your upper region to another section helps to keep balance in the overall management of tension and helps you coordinate and concentrate better in the efficacious delivery of your speech. The trick is to keep an object in your hand which your fingers will be compressing while you do the talking.

Because this activity is more physical than the intellectual role of speaking, more tension/pressure in exerted and expended here, leaving your heart with less thuds per time, and your concentration devoid of excessive anxiety.

However, it is advised that you pick an object that would not attract more attention than the speech. Something small enough to be completely hidden in your pals, and that does not make noise would do. Many people use paper clip, which they bend and straighten many times, while they speak. I had used pen cap made of plastic.

Looking, not Seeing: When presenting a speech or any creative work before an audience, many beginners find that they get lost if they focus on keeping eye contact with specific members of audience. The fact that your audience are taken along more when you keep eye contact with them is not to say that you must pay attention to the expressions on the faces as this will, more often than not, distract you. You can look in the direction of your audience generally without seeing of focusing on any one in particular. That way, everyone thinks you are looking at the next person and you end up achieving satisfactory presentation at the conclusion.

Diction: This had been touched earlier, but cannot be exhausted. The language of presentation should be chosen in line with the characteristics of the audience. Generally, a verbose speech is unnecessarily lengthy and full of jaw breaking language that make everyone clap for you not for the meaning and sense derived from your presentation, but for the amusement. The bottom line is to communicate, not to impress.

Structure of a Good Speech
A good speech, like every good piece of writing, is not just poured out at audience, but is meaningfully communicated only when it meets a prescribed, conventional specification. Every speech, good or bad has the following components, which either makes or mars it, depending on the writer/presenter’s ability to weave the various components into one beautiful piece or failure to do so, which leaves the work deformed like a physically challenged man.

• An introduction: this being the first line of your presentation, it is the most important as it sets the tone and mood for the rest of the presentation. If therefore, your introduction is good, it captivates audiences’ attention and stirs up interest: sends questions, expectations and anxieties running in the minds of the audience. So also does a poor introduction kill their appetite, so that rather than get anxious to get the rest of the gist from you, they get anxious to dispose of your time wasting presence. Speech makers of reasonable experience will tell you that the most embarrassing moment of their careers was when an audience just stared at them indifferently, while they made frantic efforts to get their attention. Often, they’d ignore you and fill in the gap by telling stories and holding pockets of briefs underground.

To avoid such pitfalls, your introduction must stir interest and be interesting enough for one man to tell another to keep quiet let him hear you well, as each speech must be worth the time spent to receive it. Otherwise, they would just switch off psycho-mentally, while leaving you to make the noise.
To achieve this, you can ask a rhetoric question, use an anecdote (a short analogical story) or a catchy quote but which must be relevant and which would make your presentation easier to achieve.

• Linkage: while some may argue rightly that the body of a speech and this section are indistinct, there is a need here to split them for the purpose of proper better understanding. A linkage is a sentence or two that connect the introduction with the details’ section (body) of the presentation.
• The Body of Details: Haven captivated the interest of your audience in the introduction and properly linked it using appropriate word, the emphasis now rests on providing all the details that are the main thrust of the presentation. All the points you may have gathered in the research will now be knit together beautifully and well explained to answer the questions your audience are likely to be asking. Your points must be well explained and objectively convincing enough that at the end, your audience will be left in no doubt (even if their own opinion differ), but rather have clear understanding of your impressions.
• The Conclusion: the last line of a good presentation should leave a lasting impression on people’s minds. Often, a relevant quote or rhetoric does the magic but the speech writer or (and) the presenter should understand that the relevance of the devices to subject or occasion as well as your accuracy of expressions is what leaves indelible marks on the minds of audiences. The conclusion should be food for thought, something people should remember long after they may have forgotten everything else, including the speech maker.

Basic Principles by Dreg En Ay

College Level Speech Class is Life Preparation For People With Stage Fright Or Speaking Apprehension

Get Your College Education:

When I first started college classes I have to admit that it was not on my top list of importance. Even now I still admit that it is not all that important to me. The real importance is life itself and what my part in life is. College is a tool to prepare you for what life holds.

When I say that college prepares you for what life holds I do not mean that it prepares you for your career. I hear that constantly! “If you ever plan to succeed in life, you need to finish your education.” “If you ever plan to make a decent income, you need an education.” “If you want a good job, you need to get a college degree.” I could go on and on about how deceptive those statements are but the first one is still the closest to the truth.

Preparation for what life holds:

When someone says, “If you ever plan to succeed in life, you need to finish your education.” they are most often referring to financial success and finishing a college education. The statement is true but success is not based on money and education is not a college degree. Let me re-emphasize that. Success is NOT based on money and education is NOT a college degree.

When it comes to finances, I am one of the least successful people there are. I have lived in homeless shelters and in the homes of friends. I have lost hundreds of thousands of dollars that belonged to other people and have been unable to pay them back. I often feel like my life is a failure. Even now I am unable to find employment and I have no income. I live off the gracefulness of others, but not intentionally, I really do try sincerely to do what is righteous.

Real Success

When I look at my children who are 3 and 4 years old, I realize that my success will be decided by how well I communicate my love to them. They do not want my money but they want my acceptance. When I look at my wife I feel completely wretched when I am unable to provide for her financial needs. My success will be found in how faithful I am to communicate my love to her.

Speech Class:

Public speech class was a fear of mine and I was given a government grant to earn an associate’s degree, bachelor’s degree and a master’s degree, which I completed without a speech class by successfully manipulating my degree completion plans to evade it. I came to a point of realization however. After seeing that my education did nothing to help me find work, I realized that my true success was dependent upon my ability to face stage fright, and communicate freely. That is why I went back to school and voluntarily forced myself to take speech class where I would be required to stand up in front of other people and speak to them as a group. It was difficult but worth it. If you are in line to take a public speech class I encourage you to not drop out but work toward your life success by conquering your fear of being rejected by others.

Jobs For Speech Therapists

Currently, speech therapists can find jobs easily as there are a number of ST vacancies in various medical environments in the United States. Qualified therapists with patience and strong interpersonal skills can work with patients suffering from hearing and speech impairments. Speech therapists improve the quality of life of these patients by diagnosing and treating disorders in cognitive-communication, articulation, voice, hearing impairment, swallowing and disorders resulting from stroke or traumatic brain injury.

A Range of Career Options

Speech therapists can find jobs in schools, colleges and universities or go for research and development activities to improve their knowledge about human communication processes and develop products to evaluate and treat speech-language disorders.

Candidates who have a Master’s degree in SLP from a university recognized by ASHA (American Speech-Language-Hearing Association) can work as speech therapists. They should also meet the associated licensure or certification requirements.

Work in an Environment You Have Dreamt of

With the best employer, you can find the very job you have been dreaming of. Candidates can work on temporary, contract or permanent basis anywhere in the U.S for long term, short term or travel assignments. With SLP jobs, you can have many benefits including:

o Section 125 Cafeteria Plan
o Short-term disability insurance
o Immigration processing for international candidates
o Continuing education
o Health insurance
o Professional liability insurance

Whether you are a fresh candidate or an experienced hand in SLP, your salary and benefits may vary depending on educational qualifications, experience and specialty, type of setting and geographical location.

How to Get the Best Jobs for Speech Therapists

To address the increasing needs of speech therapists, most healthcare staffing solution providers employ the best professionals in different working environments such as hospitals, social services, education authorities, health services, rehabilitation centers, community clinics, state and federal government agencies and institutions. Recruiters help both jobseekers and job providers by matching the right professional with the right facility.

How to Write a Speech in 5 Minutes

Have you been in a rush to create an effective speech, yet also wanted to knock your talk out of the park? It’s a lot easier than you think, and you can write a killer speech in 5 minutes if you know the right steps to take.

If you are going to be an effective public speaker, you have to give moving speeches (no surprise here). There are three main elements that, if you implement, you can very quickly make a great speech. They are: entertain, educate, and support… and in that order.

Here’s how this works: In your introduction, your sole purpose is to entertain. This doesn’t mean you must become a stand-up comic (although humor is an effective tool). It means to get their attention. Simply do or say or do something unique, unexpected, dramatic, or humorous. Ideally, your entertainment should be relevant to the subject of your talk, so find where the drama is in your subject and exploit it.

Next, you must educate. Tell the audience clearly, in one sentence, what you are going to tell them for the remainder of your speech. Make no uncertain terms about it. It is surprisingly effective to say, “I am speaking to you today for one reason and one reason only, and that is to (blank)”

The rest of the speech is to support that single sentence. And here’s the beauty: all you have to do is repeat that easy formula three more times and you have three subject areas to talk about.

So, pick three aspects about your subject, and for each of those angles, first entertain your audience, then educate your audience, then tell a story or two to support that point. Once you’ve done that, move to the next area.

Do this for each subject area, tell a story or a strong statement in conclusion… and you’ve just created a great speech in 5 minutes!

To create an effective conclusion, consider telling half of a story in your introduction, then finishing your story in the conclusion. This will create an open ‘loop’ in the minds of your audience, and they will be more apt to pay attention, because subconsciously, they will want to hear the end of your story.

So remember to entertain, educate, and support, and you’ll be creating and delivering killer speeches in no time flat!

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An Educational Visit to Explore the Musical Heritage of Salzburg

As the fourth largest city in Austria, nestled along the northern boundary of the Alps, Austria enjoys picturesque views across the River Salzach and a history that stretches back to around the fifth century BC. An educational visit to Salzburg is a great introduction to this UNESCO World Heritage Site to learn about the history. The name of the city is derived from the term ‘Salt Castle’, which relates to the large salt barges that were tolled in the eighth century for travelling along the river, for example. However, aside from the fascinating history of Salzburg, there is also a very important aspect that makes it attractive to students – its musical heritage. Salzburg is a music lover’s paradise; students can visit the place where Mozart was born, followed by a trip to the International Mozart Foundation, take in a show at the Jazzit Jazz club, and view some of the locations where The Sound of Music was filmed.

Mozart– Anyone who appreciates classical music will gain a valuable insight from Salzburg to see the way the city relates to its native son, Mozart. A trip to here will be musically very educational; visit Mozart’s birthplace, on Getreidegasse 9, when you arrive in the city and experience one of the most visited museums in the world. Here, you will find the new permanent exhibit that shows Mozart’s life and circumstance while he was growing up. On the third floor of the museum, the individual members of Mozart’s family are introduced and their connections to Mozart’s career are explored. From here, head to Makartplatz 8, the place where Mozart lived from 1773 to 1781. While the building was mostly destroyed during World War II, it has been faithfully reconstructed and now showcases original documents and portraits that tell the family history.

Jazzit – Officially known as “Jazzit-Jazz at the Theater” and located at Elisabethstrasse 11, an educational visit to Salzburg should not overlook the popular forms of music that have also thrived in this city. Jazzit has been running jazz-based culture clubs in various venues around the city since its inception in 1981. In 2001 it was given a permanent home in the basement of the former Austrian Communist Party’s “Volxheim”. You can book tickets to see the concerts that are held weekly and have featured such jazz greats as Henry Threadgill, Cecil Taylor, and Steve Coleman. If you have time, you should plan to see some of the new talent that Jazzit is known for spotting and supporting with their own record label, the Jazzit:Edition, before heading off.

Musicals – Love it or hate it, it cannot be denied that The Sound of Music is one of the most famous musicals of all time. Based on the memoirs of Maria von Trapp, it started as a Broadway show in 1959 and was adapted to film in 1965. While in Salzburg, an excursion to see the Mirabell Castle will be fun as well as educational. Visit the gardens to see where Maria and the children sang Do-Re-Mi, and perhaps try a rendition yourselves; then head over to the ‘Sound of Music’ pavilion in the gardens of Hellbrunn Caslte (Fürstenweg 37) to see where ‘I am 16 going on 17’ was filmed and see what musical inspiration this brings!

5 Steps to Guarantee High School Students Have the Opportunity to Attend College

When students enter high school in the ninth grade, there are a number of basic steps they can follow for the next four years to give them the opportunity to be accepted into the college of their choice. If students know what is expected of them to be prepared for college, their changes of being accepted into the college of their choice are greatly improved. This article summarizes what several successful high school students have done throughout their high school years to prepare them for their college experience.

Step One: Before entering high school, or during the ninth grade, the student should take an interest inventory test to help identify possible career choices. This test was developed to help students take a collection of their interests and match them with the qualities needed for different careers. Once a possible career has been identified, the student can use that information in high school to focus on a career they are suited for. This can eliminate a lot of wasted time during the high school years. High school can be more focused by having the student take classes that are geared toward a possible future career. The interest inventory test does a great job of giving students option for their future career. This test can be administered by the school counselor or the student can go online and find an interest inventory test to take on his own.

Step Two: Students should meet with their counselor and parents at the beginning of their ninth-grade school year, to map out a four-year plan of action for high school success. This plan should be reflective of what the student career plan might entail. One very important aspect of the plan is the academic classes the student will be taking for the next four years. These classes should be geared toward college preparation and whatever career interest the student has. If the student is academically strong enough, he/she should take honors or advance placement classes. This meeting should also afford the student the opportunity to discuss what kind of clubs, organization or leadership positions are best suited for him. This should include sports teams. At a future meeting, the student may want to discuss summer programs or jobs opportunities that may be available to help him with career development. Colleges prefer students who participate in a variety of activities during high school years.

Step Three: Students should research at least 10 colleges during their ninth-grade school year to see what is needed to qualify for entry into college. The more a student knows about what is required to attend a particular college, the better chance he/she has to be enrolled in that college. Some of the research information should include: What grade point average is needed to be accepted in the college? What test score is needed to be accepted in the college? What are the top majors in the college? How much does it cost to attend the college? What do you need to qualify for scholarships at the college? More information can be researched. In order to talk with a college representative and have a in person meeting, the students should attend several college fairs whenever possible. The high school counselor can provide students with a list of upcoming college fairs.

Step Four: High school students who are focusing on attending college need to put a plan together of how they are going to organize their time to be successful in school. Because of the many activities high school students are involved in, he/she need to organize their day to have plenty of time to study. A very important organizational tool students can use to assist them is a planner. The planner can be used to record all school activities. This planner should be utilized for each semester. All upcoming papers, test, quiz, special assignments, study time and school activities should be listed in the planner. As soon as assignments are given by teachers, or school they should be listed in the planner. In addition, students should use a daily to -do list to keep up with what task needs to be completed that day. Developing how to use a planner can be very important in high school and college.

Step Five: In order to gain real experiences of college life, all college-bound students should enroll into a college summer program after their ninth, tenth or eleventh grade school year. Most colleges offer several special programs in the summer that will help high school students experience college life, while learning about a possible college major. Most programs are from two to six weeks long, and students actually live in dorms during that time. Most of the programs have students taking college bound classes, as well as helping them to prepare for the ACT Test. This experience is invaluable and will be very useful when the student actually enrolls in college.

The five steps listed above can be very helpful in giving high school students the focus they may need to successfully prepare for college. Students need to be prepared when they apply for college or face a possible rejection letter. Some students don’t get the opportunity to talk to their high school counselor until the school year is well on its way. If that is the case, it would be wise for them to seek out other ways to get information that would be helpful for their college preparation. This article can be a start, but by no means is this the only information a student may need. Knowing what is expected is half the battle for success.

Best International School in Ahmedabad – A Premium School Providing World Class Education

An international school in Ahmedabad city is considered as a best option for fulfilling a child’s dreams and goals of receiving the best in schooling right from the start of their career. Some of the best international schools in Ahmedabad city are the ones that consider all these aspects and provide platform for an all round development of a child. They are just the kind of training grounds that parents had been looking for since a long time now. With a vast international infrastructure and environment where learning is made simpler and better, these schools have sure made an indelible mark on the minds of most parents. Children learn to grow in a fine environment and develop a keen interest in reading on subjects that matter the most in modern day life.

What’s more, they learn to appreciate nature and grow in an environment where they are encouraged to nurture the trees and shrubs around them. Right from an early age, these schools strictly follow the policy of instilling values that benefit children in the different stages of their life. Much care is also taken by these best international schools in Ahmedabad to ensure that an equal balance of classroom learning and on field learning is maintained so that students may benefit by understanding through group discussions and experiments. It is said that when students are exposed to practical learning they are able to memorize and reason out things well.Most of the best international schools in Ahmedabad thus help develop a strong foundation for their students so that they may excel in every field with flying colors.

Moreover, the dedicated team of teachers at the int’l schools always shows their support and concern to students in matters relevant to academics and extra curricular activities. Most best international schools in Ahmedabad city are a combination of international practices and local culture and traditions, so that students may take a keen interest in their surroundings and imbibe what is important and necessary.

These schools are home to the latest high tech equipments with which teaching is made easier right from the kindergarten years to the higher secondary level. The management of most of the international schools provides laptops to the teachers along with comprehensive libraries for students to study and discuss on subjects related to course studies. Students are advised not to carry heavy bags to the school as relevant books for learning are provided by the school authorities on most occasions. Advanced computer labs and scientific laboratories, music studios and a dedicated auditorium for fun and cultural activities are something most international schools boast of. In addition, vast acres of land for the benefit of various sports activities such as football, basketball, cricket, table tennis and field games are also accommodated in more ways than one. Owing to all these exemplary features, these int’l schools are the best thing to happen to children today.

What’s Up With the Latest Mobile Apps?

With mobile application trends taking over the market, more and more people are using their smartphones to access to the internet, thus eradicating the use of personal computers. According to a recent study, using a smartphone for making phone calls is the fifth most popular use of the gadget. So, if you are among those, who still think that mobile phones are all about making and receiving calls, then you definitely need to give it a second thought.

These days, people spend more time using their android phones to browse internet, check mails, social networking, gaming, music and downloading mobile apps. With smart phones gaining popularity, many devices and brands have started penetrating in the market. According to a recent analysis, more than 1.8 million mobile apps have been downloaded more than 70 billion times and the number is continuously increasing. Some of the best-selling mobile apps in the year 2013 are:

Whats App Messenger: This is a simple, spontaneous and a fantastic alternative to sending text messages, which are chargeable. It allows people to send messages, share photos, audio files and videos. But the best part is that it is completely free. According to a recent report, India is the 3rd largest smartphone market after China and US that has downloaded maximum number of messaging applications. So, the Japanese messaging application provider is aiming to double its user base in India to 20 million by the year-end.

Imo Messenger: This free app supports everything from Facebook to Skype and people can link up to multiple accounts. Voice calls, multimedia files or even group messaging sessions, users have endless flexibility to use this multi-platform solution.

Tapatalk Forum App: If you wish to browse and post on forums without any hassles, then this is the right app. You can keep yourself updated with all the threads in the simple interface of Tapatalk by just paying a few bucks.

Dolphin Browser: This is a competitor of Chrome that offers Sonar, add-on support and gesture. With these in your mobile, you can search, navigate with voice commands, bookmark and even share. It offers more than 55 add-ons to choose from and is absolutely free.

Best Apps Market: If you are too confused about choosing the best apps in the market, then this is the right tool. This is free and allows you to organize your downloads with the help of handpicked lists and tools.

This is not it. There are plenty of other mobile apps like GasBuddy, Widegtsoid, iTriage Mobile Health, Chrome Beta, Pulse News and Swift Key 3 keyboard, which are available for free of cost and are absolutely mind-blowing.

Teaching English Abroad Jobs: Points To Remember

English is the new lingua franca in international trade, business, higher education, diplomatic relations and other forms of communication. So, the knowledge of English has become a necessity, which in turn has boosted teaching opportunities abroad. A native English speaker is the best resource for teaching English abroad. However, a formal training in English as Second Language (ESL), be it Teaching English as a Foreign Language (TEFL) or Teaching English to Speakers of Other Languages (TESOL), is beneficial for people looking to teach English. There are great job opportunities for ESL teachers in Asia, Eastern Europe and other areas where English is not the native language. However, ESL jobs are also available in countries whose native language is English.
Teaching English Abroad: Importance of TEFL or TESOL Course
A TEFL or a TESOL course is a training program that provides the necessary skills and the confidence for teaching English abroad, as a foreign language or a second language. It teaches ways of making lessons interesting and dealing with different student requirements. These courses can range from intensive weekend courses to flexible online courses and short-term overseas courses. Specialized courses for teaching business English or teaching young learners also exist. You can find a host of English teaching jobs abroad through recruitment agencies and TEFL course centers or professional agencies.
Teaching English Abroad: Points to Consider
Although ESL or EFL teachers can find high-paying short term teaching English abroad jobs in the Middle East, Taiwan, Japan and South Korea, it is important to remember the following points:
Know the rules of teaching foreign languages in the country where you are applying for the job. Some countries place restrictions on opening foreign language schools.
Check the credentials of the employer who is offering you the job. To protect yourself from unscrupulous elements, rely on established and reputed networks or forums that connect students, schools and teachers of ESL.
Awareness about the political situation of the country that you are traveling to is a must. Political unrest, civil war or any other disturbance may threaten the stability of an otherwise lucrative job.
At, you can learn about the best learning and job opportunities that exist in ESL. This one-stop-shop for English learning and teaching needs also provides you the resources for guiding you in the best direction possible.

English Courses Australia – Cheap English Schools – English For Tourists

Einstein College

English language has gained tremendous amount of importance all around the world because of its unique characteristics. The english language is spoken by major developed countries in the world. There is a huge competition among the students to pursue their career in developed english speaking countries like Australia, United States of America, United Kingdom, New Zealand etc.
English is an official language in NATO, European Union, United Nations, Commonwealth of Nation, International Olympic Committee. English is the official language in more than 52 countries all over the world. English is the international language which is used in international communication, diplomacy, business and information technology.

Many individuals all around the world are trying to learn English language to derive maximum benefits for their career. The major challenge in English learning is the amount of time you spend. The quality learning material decides how well you can gain knowledge in English language. Speaking , writing, reading, listening are important factors in learning any language. Furthermore regular practice of english language learning helps you to gain many good career prospects in education as well in employment. English language continuous to be most effective language in coming decades. english courses australia provide you better career opportunities. There is a huge requirement for the English language teachers all around the world.

There are many english training institutes which will enable you to equip with necessary English skills. There is a step by step procedure adapted by the english training institutes. Grammar, Effective sentence formation, seminars though are the oldest methods but are the most effective methods of learning english language. English language teaching have undergone many changes and the use of interactive software helps the students to learn the english language more effectively. There are many cheap english schools which are specialized in providing effective English training. There are also courses like English for tourists which help them to learn the basic English language.